# Excel Formula Function - How do I do nested IF / THEN statements in Excel?

## Originally Posted in our Excel Help Forum

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dvoiddofunk was trying to analyze data from a survey he completed earlier & wanted to use a statement that allowed him to test for two different things at once. He was using the following:

=IF(L78=AA\$1,1,0)

to determine if an item in column L is the same as the header he’d created in column AA.

He would like to create a similar IF statement that allows him to compare items in two separate columns, and if the condition is true, put the contents of a third column in the cell.

Epidemic offered a Nested IF statement as follows

=IF(A1=A2,IF(A2>A3 ,"yep", "nope"),"never")

Basically you can stack the If's in their appropriate then or else position.

=IF(something=1, Then, Else)

You simply stack your next if in place of the (then or the else) Be careful with your close brackets.

bnix pointed out that you can also use the OR/AND operator in your formula

=IF(AND(A1="blue",B1="red"),"MyColor","NoColor")

=IF(OR(A1="blue",B1="red"),"MyColor,"NoColor")

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