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Thread: Retrieve data from Access-database to Excel with ADO

  1. #1
    Join Date
    25th January 2003
    Location
    Ístersund, Sweden
    Posts
    2,451
    A quite frequent questions on several forums is how to connect to a so called Access-database (per se MS Jet Database) and retrieve data to Excel.

    The tips also shows how we can use several Recordset with one connection.

    One of the critical process when working with database is to reduce the time we are connected to the database, i e working with the Recordset. If we experience a slow datatransfer we then may consider to disconnect the Recordset(s).

    In the tip You will see how easy it is to create a disconnected Recordset.

    What we need:
    * Microsoft Windows 2000 or above
    * Microsoft Excel 2000 or above
    * MDAC 2.5 or above
    * A Jet database (mdb)

    Step 1
    Add a reference to the Microsoft ActiveX Data Object x.x library.

    Step 2
    Insert following procedure in a standardmodule:

    VB:
    Option Explicit 
    Sub Import_AccessData() 
        Dim cnt As ADODB.Connection 
        Dim rst1 As ADODB.Recordset, rst2 As ADODB.Recordset 
        Dim stDB As String, stSQL1 As String, stSQL2 As String 
        Dim stConn As String 
        Dim wbBook As Workbook 
        Dim wsSheet1 As Worksheet 
        Dim lnField As Long, lnCount As Long 
         
         'Instantiate the ADO-objects.
        Set cnt = New ADODB.Connection 
        Set rst1 = New ADODB.Recordset 
        Set rst2 = New ADODB.Recordset 
         
        Set wbBook = ThisWorkbook 
        Set wsSheet1 = wbBook.Worksheets(1) 
         
         'Path to the database.
        stDB = "c:\db1.mdb" 
         
         'Create the connectionstring.
        stConn = "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;" _ 
        & "Data Source=" & stDB & ";" 
         
         'The 1st raw SQL-statement to be executed.
        stSQL1 = "SELECT * FROM Production_E1" 
         
         'The 2nd raw SQL-statement to be executed.
        stSQL2 = "SELECT * FROM Production_E2" 
         
         'Clear the worksheet.
        wsSheet1.Range("A1").CurrentRegion.Clear 
         
        With cnt 
            .Open (stConn) 'Open the connection.
            .CursorLocation = adUseClient 'Necessary to disconnect the recordset.
        End With 
         
        With rst1 
            .Open stSQL1, cnt 'Create the recordset.
            Set .ActiveConnection = Nothing 'Disconnect the recordset.
        End With 
         
        With rst2 
            .Open stSQL2, cnt 'Create the recordset.
            Set .ActiveConnection = Nothing 'Disconnect the recordset.
        End With 
         
        With wsSheet1 
            .Cells(2, 1).CopyFromRecordset rst1 'Copy the 1st recordset.
            .Cells(2, 2).CopyFromRecordset rst2 'Copy the 2nd recordset.
        End With 
         
         'Release objects from the memory.
        rst1.Close 
        Set rst1 = Nothing 
        rst2.Close 
        Set rst2 = Nothing 
        cnt.Close 
        Set cnt = Nothing 
    End Sub 
    
    
    For those of You who prefer to use a tool instead You may check out:
    SQL Tester

    Kind regards,
    Dennis
    Last edited by XL-Dennis; May 27th, 2004 at 08:18.
    Kind regards,
    Dennis

    .NET & Excel | 2nd edition PED | MVP

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Possible Answers

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